Cancer test which yields ‘near perfect’ results could be available by end of decade

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 14, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

A revolutionary 10-minute test for cancer which yields “near perfect” results could be available in the UK by the end of the decade. 

Scientists are now able to diagnose the deadly disease using just a single drop of saliva, known as a “liquid biopsy”.

Costing around £15 the cheap technique picks up on fragments of tumour DNA, and is hoped to be a breakthrough in early diagnosis, boosting survival rates. 


Estimated to be available in the UK within four years, the cheap test is so simple it could be done in doctor’s office, pharmacies and even people’s homes. 

Currently only blood tests are available to detect cancer, and results usually take around two weeks. 

Unveiling the pioneering new research, Professor David Wong, from the University of California at Los Angeles, said it was due to enter full clinical trials later this year. 

  • 1/21

    Multiple Sclerosis stem cell treatment ‘helps patients walk again’

    A new treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) has enabled some patients to walk again by “rebooting” their immune systems. As part of a clinical trial at Sheffield’s Royal Hallamshire Hospital involving around 20 patients, scientists used stem cells to carry out a bone marrow transplant. The method known as an autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) works by using chemotherapy to destroy the area of the immune system which causes MS

  • 2/21

    Dementia patients left without painkillers and handcuffed to bed

    Dementia patients experience a ‘shocking’ variation in the quality of hospital care they receive across England, a charity has warned. Staff using excessive force and not giving dementia patients the correct pain medication were among the findings outlined in a new report by The Alzheimer’s Society, to coincide with the launch of Fix Dementia Care campaign

  • 3/21

    Cancer risk ‘increased’ by drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer per day

    Drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer a day increases the risk of developing cancer, according to medical experts. New guidelines for alcohol consumption by the UK published by chief medical officers warn that drinking any level of alcohol has been linked to a range of different cancers. The evidence from the Committee on Carcinogenicity (COC) overturns the oft-held view that a glass of red wine can have significant medical benefits for both men and women

  • 4/21

    Vaping ‘no better’ than smoking regular cigarettes

    Vaping could be “no better” than smoking regular cigarettes and may be linked to cancer, scientists have found. The study which showed that vapour from e-cigarettes can damage or kill human cells was publsihed as the devices are to be rolled out by UK public health officials as an aid to quit smoking from 2016. An estimated 2.6 million people in the UK currently use e-cigarettes

  • 5/21

    Rat-bite fever

    A teenager was hospitalised and left unable to move after she developed the rare rat-bite fever disease from her pet rodents which lived in her bedroom. The teenager, who has not been named, was taken to hospital after she complained of a pain in her right hip and lower back which later made her immobile, according to the online medical journal BMJ Case Reports. She suffered for two weeks with an intermittent fever, nausea and vomiting and had a pink rash on her hands and feet. The teenager, who had numerous pets including a dog, cat, horse and three pet rats, has since made a full recovery after undergoing a course of antibiotics. Blood tests showed that she was infected with for streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. One of her three pet rats lay dead in her room for three weeks before her symptoms showed

  • 6/21

    Taking antidepressants in pregnancy ‘could double the risk of autism in toddlers’

    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy could almost double the risk of a child being diagnosed with autism in the first years of life, a major study of nearly 150,000 pregnancies has suggested. Researchers have found a link between women in the later stages of pregnancy who were prescribed one of the most common types of antidepressant drugs, and autism diagnosed in children under seven years of age

  • 7/21

    Warning over Calpol

    Parents have been warned that giving children paracetamol-based medicines such as Calpol and Disprol too often could lead to serious health issues later in life. Leading paediatrician and professor of general paediatrics at University College London, Alastair Sutcliffe, said parents were overusing paracetamol to treat mild fevers. As a result, the risk of developing asthma, as well as kidney, heart and liver damage is heightened

  • 8/21

    Fat loss from pancreas ‘can reverse’ effects of type-2 diabetes

    Less than half a teaspoon of fat is all that it takes to turn someone into a type-2 diabetic according to a study that could overturn conventional wisdom on a disease affecting nearly 3 million people in Britain. Researchers have found it is not so much the overall body fat that is important in determining the onset of type-2 diabetes but the small amount of fat deposited in the pancreas, the endocrine organ responsible for insulin production

  • 9/21

    Potatoes reduce risk of stomach cancer

    Scientists have found people who eat large amounts of white vegetables were a third less likely to contract stomach cancer. The study, undertaken by Chinese scientists at Zhejiang University, found eating cauliflower, potatoes and onions reduces the chance of contracting stomach cancer but that beer, spirits, salt and preserved foods increased a person’s risk of the cancer

  • 10/21

    Connections between brain cells destroyed in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease

    Scientists have pinpointed how connections in the brain are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, in a study which it is hoped will help in the development of treatments for the debilitating condition. At the early stages of the development of Alzheimer’s disease the synapses – which connect the neurons in the brain – are destroyed, according to researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia. The synapses are vital for brain function, particularly learning and forming memories

  • 11/21

    Sugar tax

    The Government should introduce a sugar tax to prevent an “obesity crisis” from crippling the NHS, a senior Conservative MP and former health minister has said. Dr Dan Poulter believes that the case for increased taxes on unhealthy sugary products was “increasingly compelling”

  • 12/21

    Cancer breakthrough offers new hope for survivors rendered infertile by chemotherapy

    A potentially “phenomenal” scientific breakthrough has offered fresh hope to cancer patients rendered infertile by chemotherapy. For the first time, researchers managed to restore ovaries in mice affected by chemotherapy so that they were able to have offspring. The scientists now plan to begin clinical trials to see if the technique, which involves the use of stem cells, will also work in humans by using umbilical cord material and possibly stem cells taken from human embryos, if regulators agree

  • 13/21

    Take this NHS test to find out if you have a cancerous mole

    An interactive test could help flag up whether you should seek advice from a health professional for one of the most common types of cancer. The test is available on the NHS Choices website and reveals whether you are at risk from the disease and recommends if you should seek help. The mole self-assessment factors in elements such as complexion, the number of times you have been severely sunburnt and whether skin cancer runs in your family. It also quizzes you on the number of moles you have and whether there have been any changes in appearance regarding size, shape and colour

  • 14/21

    Health apps approved by NHS ‘may put users at risk of identity theft’

    Experts have warned that some apps do not adequately protect personal information

  • 15/21

    A watchdog has said that care visits must last longer

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said home help visits of less than 30 minutes were not acceptable unless part of a wider package of support

  • 16/21

    Pendle in Lancashire tops list of five most anxious places to live in the UK

    Pendle in Lancashire has been named the most anxious place to live in the UK, while people living in Fermanagh and Omagh in Northern Ireland have been found to be the happiest

  • 17/21

    Ketamine could be used as anti-depressant

    Researchers at the University of Auckland said monitoring the effects of the drug on the brain has revealed neural pathways that could aid the development of fast-acting medications.
    Ketamine is a synthetic compound used as an off anaesthetic and analgesic drug, but is commonly used illegally as a hallucinogenic party drug.
    Dr Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, a senior researcher at the university and a member of the institution’s Centre for Brain Research, used the latest technology in brain imaging to investigate what mechanisms ketamine uses to be active in the human brain

  • 18/21

    A prosthetic hand that lets people actually feel through

    The technology lets paralysed people feel actual sensations when touching objects — including light taps on the mechanical finger — and could be a huge breakthrough for prosthetics, according to its makers. The tool was used to let a 28-year-old man who has been paralysed for more than a decade. While prosthetics have previously been able to be controlled directly from the brain, it is the first time that signals have been successfully sent the other way

  • 19/21

    The biggest cause of early death in the world is what you eat

    Unhealthy eating has been named as the most common cause of premature death around the globe, new data has revealed. A poor diet – which involves eating too few vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains and too much red meat, salt and sugar – was shown to be a bigger killer than smoking and alcohol

  • 20/21

    Scientists develop blood test that estimates how quickly people age

    Scientists believe it could be used to predict a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease as well as the “youthfulness” of donated organs for transplant operations. The test measures the vitality of certain genes which the researchers believe is an accurate indication of a person’s “biological age”, which may be younger or older than their actual chronological age

  • 21/21

    Aspirin could help boost therapies that fight cancer

    The latest therapies that fight cancer could work better when combined with aspirin, research has suggested. Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute in London say the anti-inflammatory pain killer suppresses a cancer molecule that allows tumours to evade the body’s immune defences.
    Laboratory tests have shown that skin, breast and bowel cancer cells often generate large amounts of this molecule, called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).
    But Aspirin is one of a family of drugs that sends messages to the brain to block production of PGE2 and this means cancer cells can be attacked by the body’s natural defences

Speaking at the the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting in Washington, Prof Wong added he expected approval from the American Food and Drug Administration with two years. 

He told the conference: “If there is circulating signature of a tumour in a person blood or saliva, this test will find it. 

“We need less than one drop of saliva and we can turn the test around in 10 minutes. It can be done in a doctor’s office while you wait.

“Early detection is crucial. Any time you gain in finding out that someone has a life-threatening cancer, the sooner the better.”

So far the saliva test has had ‘near perfect’ accuracy on lung cancer patients. 

The non-invasive test could also hold the key to early detection in some cancers, such as pancreatic, which currently has no effective early screening capabilities. 

Statistics from charity Cancer Research UK shows just under half of deaths in the UK were due to lung, bowel, breast or prostate cancers in 2012.

Prof Wong was hopeful the test could be used to diagnose different forms of cancers in the future, and added: “Down the road it might be possible to test for multiple cancers at the same time.”

Prototypes are currently being developed which will be rolled out in China and Europe, and the test would need regulatory approval before being available in the UK. 

  • More about:
  • Health news
  • Cancer
  • cancer research
  • Cancer Research Uk
  • Science
  • DNA

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/cancer-test-which-yields-near-perfect-results-could-be-available-by-end-of-decade-a6873256.html

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Cat forms unlikely close bond with owner’s pet rat

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 13, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

CEDARBURG, Wis., Feb. 11 (UPI) — A Wisconsin pet owner shared a video chronicling the unlikely friendship that developed between two stereotypically adversarial animals: a cat and a rat.

Maggie Szpot said Ranj, the orange tabby cat she found as a stray in Cedarburg, Wis., became used to having pet rats around the home, but he never showed particular interest in the animals until she brought home baby rats Peanut and Mocha.

“Peanut first met Ranj when [Peanut] was still a baby,” Szpot told The Dodo. “I had brought Peanut and her sister out of their cage to play, and I put them in a fenced area for them to run around in, and Ranj actually jumped inside to get a closer look. He is always curious of new things … they quickly became good friends and Peanut followed Ranj around everywhere.”

Szpot told ABC News she had feared Ranj could display “a strong hunting instinct since he was a stray,” but she soon discovered she was “completely wrong.”

“Peanut always wanted to be around Ranj, and she took a real liking to him,” she said. “She would always want to play with him, snuggle up under his fur and she even ate cat kibble from his bowl along with him.”

“The two were like close siblings,” Szpot said.

“If Ranj went to eat out of his food bowl, Peanut would come and eat with him,” Szpot said. “I think those were the cutest moments, when Peanut was so determined to be with Ranj that she would overcome all kinds of obstacles to be with him.”

Szpot said Ranj was always patient and gentle with Peanut.

“There were times when Peanut invaded Ranj’s personal space too much and he’d leave or hop onto anything off the ground to get away from her,” Szpot said. “Sometimes Peanut would literally crawl all over Ranj, and he didn’t enjoy that too much. She never quite understood the concept of personal space, but Ranj was good at tolerating her antics!”

The pet owner said domesticated rats have short lifespans and Peanut died at the age of 2, but her legacy lives on.

“I definitely really missed her,” Szpot said. “I’m sure Ranj did too. He seemed kind of lonely. He would look at me like, ‘What are we doing today Maggie?’ The fun daily adventures with Peanut were lost after she passed away.”

Article source: http://www.upi.com/Odd_News/2016/02/11/Cat-forms-unlikely-close-bond-with-owners-pet-rat/5241455218093/

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Family’s horror after their 200 PET RATS take over home and ruin everything

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 12, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

The rodents are now living in large “explorer cages” with hammocks, wheels and ropes to keep them entertained. 

Marie Pavaday-Pillay, a small animal expert at Wood Green Animal Charity, said: “What people don’t realise is that female rats can have 10 to 12 in each litter and they can have several litters a year, so it doesn’t take long for the numbers to build up.

Article source: http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/643365/Family-200-rats-house-animals

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More than half of all teenage girls in Pakistan believe domestic violence is justified, report reveals

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 11, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

A report carried out by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has revealed that troublingly, more than half of all teenage girls in Pakistan believe that domestic violence is justified for at least one reason. 

Refusing sex was just one of the reasons girls aged between 15 and 19 believed a husband would be justified in beating his wife, while more than 30 per cent of girls of the same age had already experienced physical or sexual violence in Pakistan.

The report, entitled  ‘Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People in Asia and the Pacific’, also included data from Cambodia, India, Bangladesh and Nepal which revealed similar attitudes about violence against women among teenage boys, the Express Tribune reported

Between 25 and 51 per cent said that wife beating was justified.

It was discovered that factors such as low education, unemployment and family history of violence were linked to acceptance of violence in the home.

  • 1/21

    Multiple Sclerosis stem cell treatment ‘helps patients walk again’

    A new treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) has enabled some patients to walk again by “rebooting” their immune systems. As part of a clinical trial at Sheffield’s Royal Hallamshire Hospital involving around 20 patients, scientists used stem cells to carry out a bone marrow transplant. The method known as an autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) works by using chemotherapy to destroy the area of the immune system which causes MS

  • 2/21

    Dementia patients left without painkillers and handcuffed to bed

    Dementia patients experience a ‘shocking’ variation in the quality of hospital care they receive across England, a charity has warned. Staff using excessive force and not giving dementia patients the correct pain medication were among the findings outlined in a new report by The Alzheimer’s Society, to coincide with the launch of Fix Dementia Care campaign

  • 3/21

    Cancer risk ‘increased’ by drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer per day

    Drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer a day increases the risk of developing cancer, according to medical experts. New guidelines for alcohol consumption by the UK published by chief medical officers warn that drinking any level of alcohol has been linked to a range of different cancers. The evidence from the Committee on Carcinogenicity (COC) overturns the oft-held view that a glass of red wine can have significant medical benefits for both men and women

  • 4/21

    Vaping ‘no better’ than smoking regular cigarettes

    Vaping could be “no better” than smoking regular cigarettes and may be linked to cancer, scientists have found. The study which showed that vapour from e-cigarettes can damage or kill human cells was publsihed as the devices are to be rolled out by UK public health officials as an aid to quit smoking from 2016. An estimated 2.6 million people in the UK currently use e-cigarettes

  • 5/21

    Rat-bite fever

    A teenager was hospitalised and left unable to move after she developed the rare rat-bite fever disease from her pet rodents which lived in her bedroom. The teenager, who has not been named, was taken to hospital after she complained of a pain in her right hip and lower back which later made her immobile, according to the online medical journal BMJ Case Reports. She suffered for two weeks with an intermittent fever, nausea and vomiting and had a pink rash on her hands and feet. The teenager, who had numerous pets including a dog, cat, horse and three pet rats, has since made a full recovery after undergoing a course of antibiotics. Blood tests showed that she was infected with for streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. One of her three pet rats lay dead in her room for three weeks before her symptoms showed

  • 6/21

    Taking antidepressants in pregnancy ‘could double the risk of autism in toddlers’

    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy could almost double the risk of a child being diagnosed with autism in the first years of life, a major study of nearly 150,000 pregnancies has suggested. Researchers have found a link between women in the later stages of pregnancy who were prescribed one of the most common types of antidepressant drugs, and autism diagnosed in children under seven years of age

  • 7/21

    Warning over Calpol

    Parents have been warned that giving children paracetamol-based medicines such as Calpol and Disprol too often could lead to serious health issues later in life. Leading paediatrician and professor of general paediatrics at University College London, Alastair Sutcliffe, said parents were overusing paracetamol to treat mild fevers. As a result, the risk of developing asthma, as well as kidney, heart and liver damage is heightened

  • 8/21

    Fat loss from pancreas ‘can reverse’ effects of type-2 diabetes

    Less than half a teaspoon of fat is all that it takes to turn someone into a type-2 diabetic according to a study that could overturn conventional wisdom on a disease affecting nearly 3 million people in Britain. Researchers have found it is not so much the overall body fat that is important in determining the onset of type-2 diabetes but the small amount of fat deposited in the pancreas, the endocrine organ responsible for insulin production

  • 9/21

    Potatoes reduce risk of stomach cancer

    Scientists have found people who eat large amounts of white vegetables were a third less likely to contract stomach cancer. The study, undertaken by Chinese scientists at Zhejiang University, found eating cauliflower, potatoes and onions reduces the chance of contracting stomach cancer but that beer, spirits, salt and preserved foods increased a person’s risk of the cancer

  • 10/21

    Connections between brain cells destroyed in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease

    Scientists have pinpointed how connections in the brain are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, in a study which it is hoped will help in the development of treatments for the debilitating condition. At the early stages of the development of Alzheimer’s disease the synapses – which connect the neurons in the brain – are destroyed, according to researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia. The synapses are vital for brain function, particularly learning and forming memories

  • 11/21

    Sugar tax

    The Government should introduce a sugar tax to prevent an “obesity crisis” from crippling the NHS, a senior Conservative MP and former health minister has said. Dr Dan Poulter believes that the case for increased taxes on unhealthy sugary products was “increasingly compelling”

  • 12/21

    Cancer breakthrough offers new hope for survivors rendered infertile by chemotherapy

    A potentially “phenomenal” scientific breakthrough has offered fresh hope to cancer patients rendered infertile by chemotherapy. For the first time, researchers managed to restore ovaries in mice affected by chemotherapy so that they were able to have offspring. The scientists now plan to begin clinical trials to see if the technique, which involves the use of stem cells, will also work in humans by using umbilical cord material and possibly stem cells taken from human embryos, if regulators agree

  • 13/21

    Take this NHS test to find out if you have a cancerous mole

    An interactive test could help flag up whether you should seek advice from a health professional for one of the most common types of cancer. The test is available on the NHS Choices website and reveals whether you are at risk from the disease and recommends if you should seek help. The mole self-assessment factors in elements such as complexion, the number of times you have been severely sunburnt and whether skin cancer runs in your family. It also quizzes you on the number of moles you have and whether there have been any changes in appearance regarding size, shape and colour

  • 14/21

    Health apps approved by NHS ‘may put users at risk of identity theft’

    Experts have warned that some apps do not adequately protect personal information

  • 15/21

    A watchdog has said that care visits must last longer

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said home help visits of less than 30 minutes were not acceptable unless part of a wider package of support

  • 16/21

    Pendle in Lancashire tops list of five most anxious places to live in the UK

    Pendle in Lancashire has been named the most anxious place to live in the UK, while people living in Fermanagh and Omagh in Northern Ireland have been found to be the happiest

  • 17/21

    Ketamine could be used as anti-depressant

    Researchers at the University of Auckland said monitoring the effects of the drug on the brain has revealed neural pathways that could aid the development of fast-acting medications.
    Ketamine is a synthetic compound used as an off anaesthetic and analgesic drug, but is commonly used illegally as a hallucinogenic party drug.
    Dr Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, a senior researcher at the university and a member of the institution’s Centre for Brain Research, used the latest technology in brain imaging to investigate what mechanisms ketamine uses to be active in the human brain

  • 18/21

    A prosthetic hand that lets people actually feel through

    The technology lets paralysed people feel actual sensations when touching objects — including light taps on the mechanical finger — and could be a huge breakthrough for prosthetics, according to its makers. The tool was used to let a 28-year-old man who has been paralysed for more than a decade. While prosthetics have previously been able to be controlled directly from the brain, it is the first time that signals have been successfully sent the other way

  • 19/21

    The biggest cause of early death in the world is what you eat

    Unhealthy eating has been named as the most common cause of premature death around the globe, new data has revealed. A poor diet – which involves eating too few vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains and too much red meat, salt and sugar – was shown to be a bigger killer than smoking and alcohol

  • 20/21

    Scientists develop blood test that estimates how quickly people age

    Scientists believe it could be used to predict a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease as well as the “youthfulness” of donated organs for transplant operations. The test measures the vitality of certain genes which the researchers believe is an accurate indication of a person’s “biological age”, which may be younger or older than their actual chronological age

  • 21/21

    Aspirin could help boost therapies that fight cancer

    The latest therapies that fight cancer could work better when combined with aspirin, research has suggested. Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute in London say the anti-inflammatory pain killer suppresses a cancer molecule that allows tumours to evade the body’s immune defences.
    Laboratory tests have shown that skin, breast and bowel cancer cells often generate large amounts of this molecule, called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).
    But Aspirin is one of a family of drugs that sends messages to the brain to block production of PGE2 and this means cancer cells can be attacked by the body’s natural defences

Pakistan was also revealed as one of the countries where the greatest number of adolescents aged between 10 and 19 live with HIV.

India (120,000) has the largest population of HIV-positive adolescents followed by Indonesia (46,000), Thailand (11,000), Myanmar (7,700), Pakistan (7,000), Cambodia (3,500), Iran (3,200), Viet Nam (2,600) and Nepal (1,200).

And when it comes to awareness of sexual health, only 28 per cent of young men aged between 15 and 24 in Pakistan, and less than half of 15 and 24-year-old girls know that condoms can prevent HIV.

 

  • More about:
  • Pakistan
  • HIV
  • domestic violence
  • abuse

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/domestic-violence-is-justified-half-girls-believe-pakistan-united-nations-population-fund-report-a6866851.html

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Woman dies after life support power supply runs out of batteries

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 10, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

A woman died after the power supply for her life support machine went off and then ran out of batteries, an inquest has heard. 

Jacqueline Scott died after the ventilator keeping her breathing shut down – despite several loud alarms warning staff the power supply was failing. 

A jury inquest at the Royal Courts of Justice in London heard that despite the alarm sounding, a nurse did not recognise the sound because no ventilator had ever run out of power before. 

The 55-year-old died later the same day at St George’s Hospital in Tooting in south west London in March 2015. 

Ms Scott was on a ventilator plugged into a wall socket but the circuit blew – meaning it was running on batteries which eventually ran out, ITV News reports

Her call bell was also faulty at some point, the inquest heard. 

Dr Renate Wendler, who led the investigation into Ms Scott’s death, told the jury of six men and three women that she “found evidence of good practice and care.”

  • 1/21

    Multiple Sclerosis stem cell treatment ‘helps patients walk again’

    A new treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) has enabled some patients to walk again by “rebooting” their immune systems. As part of a clinical trial at Sheffield’s Royal Hallamshire Hospital involving around 20 patients, scientists used stem cells to carry out a bone marrow transplant. The method known as an autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) works by using chemotherapy to destroy the area of the immune system which causes MS

  • 2/21

    Dementia patients left without painkillers and handcuffed to bed

    Dementia patients experience a ‘shocking’ variation in the quality of hospital care they receive across England, a charity has warned. Staff using excessive force and not giving dementia patients the correct pain medication were among the findings outlined in a new report by The Alzheimer’s Society, to coincide with the launch of Fix Dementia Care campaign

  • 3/21

    Cancer risk ‘increased’ by drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer per day

    Drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer a day increases the risk of developing cancer, according to medical experts. New guidelines for alcohol consumption by the UK published by chief medical officers warn that drinking any level of alcohol has been linked to a range of different cancers. The evidence from the Committee on Carcinogenicity (COC) overturns the oft-held view that a glass of red wine can have significant medical benefits for both men and women

  • 4/21

    Vaping ‘no better’ than smoking regular cigarettes

    Vaping could be “no better” than smoking regular cigarettes and may be linked to cancer, scientists have found. The study which showed that vapour from e-cigarettes can damage or kill human cells was publsihed as the devices are to be rolled out by UK public health officials as an aid to quit smoking from 2016. An estimated 2.6 million people in the UK currently use e-cigarettes

  • 5/21

    Rat-bite fever

    A teenager was hospitalised and left unable to move after she developed the rare rat-bite fever disease from her pet rodents which lived in her bedroom. The teenager, who has not been named, was taken to hospital after she complained of a pain in her right hip and lower back which later made her immobile, according to the online medical journal BMJ Case Reports. She suffered for two weeks with an intermittent fever, nausea and vomiting and had a pink rash on her hands and feet. The teenager, who had numerous pets including a dog, cat, horse and three pet rats, has since made a full recovery after undergoing a course of antibiotics. Blood tests showed that she was infected with for streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. One of her three pet rats lay dead in her room for three weeks before her symptoms showed

  • 6/21

    Taking antidepressants in pregnancy ‘could double the risk of autism in toddlers’

    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy could almost double the risk of a child being diagnosed with autism in the first years of life, a major study of nearly 150,000 pregnancies has suggested. Researchers have found a link between women in the later stages of pregnancy who were prescribed one of the most common types of antidepressant drugs, and autism diagnosed in children under seven years of age

  • 7/21

    Warning over Calpol

    Parents have been warned that giving children paracetamol-based medicines such as Calpol and Disprol too often could lead to serious health issues later in life. Leading paediatrician and professor of general paediatrics at University College London, Alastair Sutcliffe, said parents were overusing paracetamol to treat mild fevers. As a result, the risk of developing asthma, as well as kidney, heart and liver damage is heightened

  • 8/21

    Fat loss from pancreas ‘can reverse’ effects of type-2 diabetes

    Less than half a teaspoon of fat is all that it takes to turn someone into a type-2 diabetic according to a study that could overturn conventional wisdom on a disease affecting nearly 3 million people in Britain. Researchers have found it is not so much the overall body fat that is important in determining the onset of type-2 diabetes but the small amount of fat deposited in the pancreas, the endocrine organ responsible for insulin production

  • 9/21

    Potatoes reduce risk of stomach cancer

    Scientists have found people who eat large amounts of white vegetables were a third less likely to contract stomach cancer. The study, undertaken by Chinese scientists at Zhejiang University, found eating cauliflower, potatoes and onions reduces the chance of contracting stomach cancer but that beer, spirits, salt and preserved foods increased a person’s risk of the cancer

  • 10/21

    Connections between brain cells destroyed in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease

    Scientists have pinpointed how connections in the brain are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, in a study which it is hoped will help in the development of treatments for the debilitating condition. At the early stages of the development of Alzheimer’s disease the synapses – which connect the neurons in the brain – are destroyed, according to researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia. The synapses are vital for brain function, particularly learning and forming memories

  • 11/21

    Sugar tax

    The Government should introduce a sugar tax to prevent an “obesity crisis” from crippling the NHS, a senior Conservative MP and former health minister has said. Dr Dan Poulter believes that the case for increased taxes on unhealthy sugary products was “increasingly compelling”

  • 12/21

    Cancer breakthrough offers new hope for survivors rendered infertile by chemotherapy

    A potentially “phenomenal” scientific breakthrough has offered fresh hope to cancer patients rendered infertile by chemotherapy. For the first time, researchers managed to restore ovaries in mice affected by chemotherapy so that they were able to have offspring. The scientists now plan to begin clinical trials to see if the technique, which involves the use of stem cells, will also work in humans by using umbilical cord material and possibly stem cells taken from human embryos, if regulators agree

  • 13/21

    Take this NHS test to find out if you have a cancerous mole

    An interactive test could help flag up whether you should seek advice from a health professional for one of the most common types of cancer. The test is available on the NHS Choices website and reveals whether you are at risk from the disease and recommends if you should seek help. The mole self-assessment factors in elements such as complexion, the number of times you have been severely sunburnt and whether skin cancer runs in your family. It also quizzes you on the number of moles you have and whether there have been any changes in appearance regarding size, shape and colour

  • 14/21

    Health apps approved by NHS ‘may put users at risk of identity theft’

    Experts have warned that some apps do not adequately protect personal information

  • 15/21

    A watchdog has said that care visits must last longer

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said home help visits of less than 30 minutes were not acceptable unless part of a wider package of support

  • 16/21

    Pendle in Lancashire tops list of five most anxious places to live in the UK

    Pendle in Lancashire has been named the most anxious place to live in the UK, while people living in Fermanagh and Omagh in Northern Ireland have been found to be the happiest

  • 17/21

    Ketamine could be used as anti-depressant

    Researchers at the University of Auckland said monitoring the effects of the drug on the brain has revealed neural pathways that could aid the development of fast-acting medications.
    Ketamine is a synthetic compound used as an off anaesthetic and analgesic drug, but is commonly used illegally as a hallucinogenic party drug.
    Dr Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, a senior researcher at the university and a member of the institution’s Centre for Brain Research, used the latest technology in brain imaging to investigate what mechanisms ketamine uses to be active in the human brain

  • 18/21

    A prosthetic hand that lets people actually feel through

    The technology lets paralysed people feel actual sensations when touching objects — including light taps on the mechanical finger — and could be a huge breakthrough for prosthetics, according to its makers. The tool was used to let a 28-year-old man who has been paralysed for more than a decade. While prosthetics have previously been able to be controlled directly from the brain, it is the first time that signals have been successfully sent the other way

  • 19/21

    The biggest cause of early death in the world is what you eat

    Unhealthy eating has been named as the most common cause of premature death around the globe, new data has revealed. A poor diet – which involves eating too few vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains and too much red meat, salt and sugar – was shown to be a bigger killer than smoking and alcohol

  • 20/21

    Scientists develop blood test that estimates how quickly people age

    Scientists believe it could be used to predict a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease as well as the “youthfulness” of donated organs for transplant operations. The test measures the vitality of certain genes which the researchers believe is an accurate indication of a person’s “biological age”, which may be younger or older than their actual chronological age

  • 21/21

    Aspirin could help boost therapies that fight cancer

    The latest therapies that fight cancer could work better when combined with aspirin, research has suggested. Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute in London say the anti-inflammatory pain killer suppresses a cancer molecule that allows tumours to evade the body’s immune defences.
    Laboratory tests have shown that skin, breast and bowel cancer cells often generate large amounts of this molecule, called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).
    But Aspirin is one of a family of drugs that sends messages to the brain to block production of PGE2 and this means cancer cells can be attacked by the body’s natural defences

She said the delay in calling for help did not have “anything to do with the outcome of Ms Scott’s case” and it was “not realistic” to expect nurses to know the power had been disrupted.

Dr Wendler said they had studied the design of the machine and found it was “not intuitive”. 


Ms Scott’s son told the inquest they “appreciated” everyone who had contributed to his mother’s care and he said the family was “really grateful” for all their effort. 

The jurdy returned a verdict of natural death. 

The hospital has since ensured all nurses are given formal training on how to use the equipment and the alarms which sound when it’s power supply is disrupted. 

  • More about:
  • Hospitals
  • life support equipment
  • Illness
  • NHS

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/woman-dies-after-life-support-power-supply-fails-and-runs-out-of-batteries-a6864981.html

Tags: , , , , ,

Hugh Jackman: What is Basal Cell Carcinoma and is it different from other types of skin cancer?

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 9, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

Hugh Jackman has urged his fans to take care of their skin, after he revealed he was being treated for a form of cancer.

The Wolverine actor shared a photo of himself with dressing on his nose on Twitter, and called on his six million followers to “use sunscreen” after he was diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma.

It is the fifth case of basal cell carcinoma to be removed from the 47-year-old’s body since 2013. 

Here is what you need to know about the disease.

What is basal cell carcinoma?

Named after the cells from which the cancer develops, it is the most common form of skin cancer.

Around three quarters of every case of non-melanoma skin cancers are basal cell, according to Cancer Research UK.

It is also referred to as BCC or a rodent ulcer.

How does it develop?

The cancer forms in the basal cells, which are in the deepest layer of the epidermis, mainly in areas that are often exposed to sun – such as the nose.

Is it different from melanoma? 

Basal cell cancer is different from melanoma, which generally develops from abnormal moles.

Melanoma is a highly aggressive cancer that can spread to other parts of the body.

While basal cell carcinoma can cause disfigurements, melanoma can be fatal if not treated. 

What does it look like?

There are four forms of basal cell cancers: nodular, superficial, morphoeic and pigmented – each with their own characteristics. 

Basal cell cancer can appear as a lump with a shiny surface and asunken middle on the skin.

A crust can also form in the centre, or an ulcer can develop. If left untreated, this will get wider and deeper. 

How is it treated?

The cancerous area can be cut out during surgery. When the cancer is relatively small, techniques known as curettage and electrocautery are combined. During this process a spoon-shaped blade removes the cancer and an electric needle takes away the skin around the wound.

Creams containing chemotherapy medicines or imiquimod lotions which encourage the immune system to attack the cancer can also be used. 

Electrochemotherapy, radiotherpay and Photodynamic therapy are also viable options. 

  • 1/21

    Multiple Sclerosis stem cell treatment ‘helps patients walk again’

    A new treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) has enabled some patients to walk again by “rebooting” their immune systems. As part of a clinical trial at Sheffield’s Royal Hallamshire Hospital involving around 20 patients, scientists used stem cells to carry out a bone marrow transplant. The method known as an autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) works by using chemotherapy to destroy the area of the immune system which causes MS

  • 2/21

    Dementia patients left without painkillers and handcuffed to bed

    Dementia patients experience a ‘shocking’ variation in the quality of hospital care they receive across England, a charity has warned. Staff using excessive force and not giving dementia patients the correct pain medication were among the findings outlined in a new report by The Alzheimer’s Society, to coincide with the launch of Fix Dementia Care campaign

  • 3/21

    Cancer risk ‘increased’ by drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer per day

    Drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer a day increases the risk of developing cancer, according to medical experts. New guidelines for alcohol consumption by the UK published by chief medical officers warn that drinking any level of alcohol has been linked to a range of different cancers. The evidence from the Committee on Carcinogenicity (COC) overturns the oft-held view that a glass of red wine can have significant medical benefits for both men and women

  • 4/21

    Vaping ‘no better’ than smoking regular cigarettes

    Vaping could be “no better” than smoking regular cigarettes and may be linked to cancer, scientists have found. The study which showed that vapour from e-cigarettes can damage or kill human cells was publsihed as the devices are to be rolled out by UK public health officials as an aid to quit smoking from 2016. An estimated 2.6 million people in the UK currently use e-cigarettes

  • 5/21

    Rat-bite fever

    A teenager was hospitalised and left unable to move after she developed the rare rat-bite fever disease from her pet rodents which lived in her bedroom. The teenager, who has not been named, was taken to hospital after she complained of a pain in her right hip and lower back which later made her immobile, according to the online medical journal BMJ Case Reports. She suffered for two weeks with an intermittent fever, nausea and vomiting and had a pink rash on her hands and feet. The teenager, who had numerous pets including a dog, cat, horse and three pet rats, has since made a full recovery after undergoing a course of antibiotics. Blood tests showed that she was infected with for streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. One of her three pet rats lay dead in her room for three weeks before her symptoms showed

  • 6/21

    Taking antidepressants in pregnancy ‘could double the risk of autism in toddlers’

    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy could almost double the risk of a child being diagnosed with autism in the first years of life, a major study of nearly 150,000 pregnancies has suggested. Researchers have found a link between women in the later stages of pregnancy who were prescribed one of the most common types of antidepressant drugs, and autism diagnosed in children under seven years of age

  • 7/21

    Warning over Calpol

    Parents have been warned that giving children paracetamol-based medicines such as Calpol and Disprol too often could lead to serious health issues later in life. Leading paediatrician and professor of general paediatrics at University College London, Alastair Sutcliffe, said parents were overusing paracetamol to treat mild fevers. As a result, the risk of developing asthma, as well as kidney, heart and liver damage is heightened

  • 8/21

    Fat loss from pancreas ‘can reverse’ effects of type-2 diabetes

    Less than half a teaspoon of fat is all that it takes to turn someone into a type-2 diabetic according to a study that could overturn conventional wisdom on a disease affecting nearly 3 million people in Britain. Researchers have found it is not so much the overall body fat that is important in determining the onset of type-2 diabetes but the small amount of fat deposited in the pancreas, the endocrine organ responsible for insulin production

  • 9/21

    Potatoes reduce risk of stomach cancer

    Scientists have found people who eat large amounts of white vegetables were a third less likely to contract stomach cancer. The study, undertaken by Chinese scientists at Zhejiang University, found eating cauliflower, potatoes and onions reduces the chance of contracting stomach cancer but that beer, spirits, salt and preserved foods increased a person’s risk of the cancer

  • 10/21

    Connections between brain cells destroyed in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease

    Scientists have pinpointed how connections in the brain are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, in a study which it is hoped will help in the development of treatments for the debilitating condition. At the early stages of the development of Alzheimer’s disease the synapses – which connect the neurons in the brain – are destroyed, according to researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia. The synapses are vital for brain function, particularly learning and forming memories

  • 11/21

    Sugar tax

    The Government should introduce a sugar tax to prevent an “obesity crisis” from crippling the NHS, a senior Conservative MP and former health minister has said. Dr Dan Poulter believes that the case for increased taxes on unhealthy sugary products was “increasingly compelling”

  • 12/21

    Cancer breakthrough offers new hope for survivors rendered infertile by chemotherapy

    A potentially “phenomenal” scientific breakthrough has offered fresh hope to cancer patients rendered infertile by chemotherapy. For the first time, researchers managed to restore ovaries in mice affected by chemotherapy so that they were able to have offspring. The scientists now plan to begin clinical trials to see if the technique, which involves the use of stem cells, will also work in humans by using umbilical cord material and possibly stem cells taken from human embryos, if regulators agree

  • 13/21

    Take this NHS test to find out if you have a cancerous mole

    An interactive test could help flag up whether you should seek advice from a health professional for one of the most common types of cancer. The test is available on the NHS Choices website and reveals whether you are at risk from the disease and recommends if you should seek help. The mole self-assessment factors in elements such as complexion, the number of times you have been severely sunburnt and whether skin cancer runs in your family. It also quizzes you on the number of moles you have and whether there have been any changes in appearance regarding size, shape and colour

  • 14/21

    Health apps approved by NHS ‘may put users at risk of identity theft’

    Experts have warned that some apps do not adequately protect personal information

  • 15/21

    A watchdog has said that care visits must last longer

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said home help visits of less than 30 minutes were not acceptable unless part of a wider package of support

  • 16/21

    Pendle in Lancashire tops list of five most anxious places to live in the UK

    Pendle in Lancashire has been named the most anxious place to live in the UK, while people living in Fermanagh and Omagh in Northern Ireland have been found to be the happiest

  • 17/21

    Ketamine could be used as anti-depressant

    Researchers at the University of Auckland said monitoring the effects of the drug on the brain has revealed neural pathways that could aid the development of fast-acting medications.
    Ketamine is a synthetic compound used as an off anaesthetic and analgesic drug, but is commonly used illegally as a hallucinogenic party drug.
    Dr Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, a senior researcher at the university and a member of the institution’s Centre for Brain Research, used the latest technology in brain imaging to investigate what mechanisms ketamine uses to be active in the human brain

  • 18/21

    A prosthetic hand that lets people actually feel through

    The technology lets paralysed people feel actual sensations when touching objects — including light taps on the mechanical finger — and could be a huge breakthrough for prosthetics, according to its makers. The tool was used to let a 28-year-old man who has been paralysed for more than a decade. While prosthetics have previously been able to be controlled directly from the brain, it is the first time that signals have been successfully sent the other way

  • 19/21

    The biggest cause of early death in the world is what you eat

    Unhealthy eating has been named as the most common cause of premature death around the globe, new data has revealed. A poor diet – which involves eating too few vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains and too much red meat, salt and sugar – was shown to be a bigger killer than smoking and alcohol

  • 20/21

    Scientists develop blood test that estimates how quickly people age

    Scientists believe it could be used to predict a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease as well as the “youthfulness” of donated organs for transplant operations. The test measures the vitality of certain genes which the researchers believe is an accurate indication of a person’s “biological age”, which may be younger or older than their actual chronological age

  • 21/21

    Aspirin could help boost therapies that fight cancer

    The latest therapies that fight cancer could work better when combined with aspirin, research has suggested. Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute in London say the anti-inflammatory pain killer suppresses a cancer molecule that allows tumours to evade the body’s immune defences.
    Laboratory tests have shown that skin, breast and bowel cancer cells often generate large amounts of this molecule, called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).
    But Aspirin is one of a family of drugs that sends messages to the brain to block production of PGE2 and this means cancer cells can be attacked by the body’s natural defences

Who is most at risk?

Middle-aged and older people are most likely to be diagnosed with this form of cancer. 

Having one can increase your chances of getting another, according to Cancer Research UK. 

  • More about:
  • Hugh Jackman

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/hugh-jackman-what-is-basal-cell-carcinoma-a6862756.html

Tags: , , , , ,

St John’s Wort tablets recalled by MHRA over liver damage concerns

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 8, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

Batches of St John’s Wort tablets manufactured for Superdrug and Asda have been recalled due to high levels of a plant material that can cause liver damage.

Six batches of St John’s Wort tablets, containing 91,800 packs, have been recalled by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).


They have levels of toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) above the threshold recommended by the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), a European expert body.

According to the US Food and Drug Administration, PA poisoning occurs when people consume them as food, for medicinal purposes, or as contaminants of other agricultural crops.

PA poisoning can result in moderate to severe liver damage.

Symptoms include abdominal pain with vomiting and the development of fluid in the abdomen, which can cause death in severe cases.

  • 1/21

    Multiple Sclerosis stem cell treatment ‘helps patients walk again’

    A new treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) has enabled some patients to walk again by “rebooting” their immune systems. As part of a clinical trial at Sheffield’s Royal Hallamshire Hospital involving around 20 patients, scientists used stem cells to carry out a bone marrow transplant. The method known as an autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) works by using chemotherapy to destroy the area of the immune system which causes MS

  • 2/21

    Dementia patients left without painkillers and handcuffed to bed

    Dementia patients experience a ‘shocking’ variation in the quality of hospital care they receive across England, a charity has warned. Staff using excessive force and not giving dementia patients the correct pain medication were among the findings outlined in a new report by The Alzheimer’s Society, to coincide with the launch of Fix Dementia Care campaign

  • 3/21

    Cancer risk ‘increased’ by drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer per day

    Drinking more than one glass of wine or pint of beer a day increases the risk of developing cancer, according to medical experts. New guidelines for alcohol consumption by the UK published by chief medical officers warn that drinking any level of alcohol has been linked to a range of different cancers. The evidence from the Committee on Carcinogenicity (COC) overturns the oft-held view that a glass of red wine can have significant medical benefits for both men and women

  • 4/21

    Vaping ‘no better’ than smoking regular cigarettes

    Vaping could be “no better” than smoking regular cigarettes and may be linked to cancer, scientists have found. The study which showed that vapour from e-cigarettes can damage or kill human cells was publsihed as the devices are to be rolled out by UK public health officials as an aid to quit smoking from 2016. An estimated 2.6 million people in the UK currently use e-cigarettes

  • 5/21

    Rat-bite fever

    A teenager was hospitalised and left unable to move after she developed the rare rat-bite fever disease from her pet rodents which lived in her bedroom. The teenager, who has not been named, was taken to hospital after she complained of a pain in her right hip and lower back which later made her immobile, according to the online medical journal BMJ Case Reports. She suffered for two weeks with an intermittent fever, nausea and vomiting and had a pink rash on her hands and feet. The teenager, who had numerous pets including a dog, cat, horse and three pet rats, has since made a full recovery after undergoing a course of antibiotics. Blood tests showed that she was infected with for streptobacillus moniliformis – the most common cause of rat-bite fever. One of her three pet rats lay dead in her room for three weeks before her symptoms showed

  • 6/21

    Taking antidepressants in pregnancy ‘could double the risk of autism in toddlers’

    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy could almost double the risk of a child being diagnosed with autism in the first years of life, a major study of nearly 150,000 pregnancies has suggested. Researchers have found a link between women in the later stages of pregnancy who were prescribed one of the most common types of antidepressant drugs, and autism diagnosed in children under seven years of age

  • 7/21

    Warning over Calpol

    Parents have been warned that giving children paracetamol-based medicines such as Calpol and Disprol too often could lead to serious health issues later in life. Leading paediatrician and professor of general paediatrics at University College London, Alastair Sutcliffe, said parents were overusing paracetamol to treat mild fevers. As a result, the risk of developing asthma, as well as kidney, heart and liver damage is heightened

  • 8/21

    Fat loss from pancreas ‘can reverse’ effects of type-2 diabetes

    Less than half a teaspoon of fat is all that it takes to turn someone into a type-2 diabetic according to a study that could overturn conventional wisdom on a disease affecting nearly 3 million people in Britain. Researchers have found it is not so much the overall body fat that is important in determining the onset of type-2 diabetes but the small amount of fat deposited in the pancreas, the endocrine organ responsible for insulin production

  • 9/21

    Potatoes reduce risk of stomach cancer

    Scientists have found people who eat large amounts of white vegetables were a third less likely to contract stomach cancer. The study, undertaken by Chinese scientists at Zhejiang University, found eating cauliflower, potatoes and onions reduces the chance of contracting stomach cancer but that beer, spirits, salt and preserved foods increased a person’s risk of the cancer

  • 10/21

    Connections between brain cells destroyed in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease

    Scientists have pinpointed how connections in the brain are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease, in a study which it is hoped will help in the development of treatments for the debilitating condition. At the early stages of the development of Alzheimer’s disease the synapses – which connect the neurons in the brain – are destroyed, according to researchers at the University of New South Wales, Australia. The synapses are vital for brain function, particularly learning and forming memories

  • 11/21

    Sugar tax

    The Government should introduce a sugar tax to prevent an “obesity crisis” from crippling the NHS, a senior Conservative MP and former health minister has said. Dr Dan Poulter believes that the case for increased taxes on unhealthy sugary products was “increasingly compelling”

  • 12/21

    Cancer breakthrough offers new hope for survivors rendered infertile by chemotherapy

    A potentially “phenomenal” scientific breakthrough has offered fresh hope to cancer patients rendered infertile by chemotherapy. For the first time, researchers managed to restore ovaries in mice affected by chemotherapy so that they were able to have offspring. The scientists now plan to begin clinical trials to see if the technique, which involves the use of stem cells, will also work in humans by using umbilical cord material and possibly stem cells taken from human embryos, if regulators agree

  • 13/21

    Take this NHS test to find out if you have a cancerous mole

    An interactive test could help flag up whether you should seek advice from a health professional for one of the most common types of cancer. The test is available on the NHS Choices website and reveals whether you are at risk from the disease and recommends if you should seek help. The mole self-assessment factors in elements such as complexion, the number of times you have been severely sunburnt and whether skin cancer runs in your family. It also quizzes you on the number of moles you have and whether there have been any changes in appearance regarding size, shape and colour

  • 14/21

    Health apps approved by NHS ‘may put users at risk of identity theft’

    Experts have warned that some apps do not adequately protect personal information

  • 15/21

    A watchdog has said that care visits must last longer

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) said home help visits of less than 30 minutes were not acceptable unless part of a wider package of support

  • 16/21

    Pendle in Lancashire tops list of five most anxious places to live in the UK

    Pendle in Lancashire has been named the most anxious place to live in the UK, while people living in Fermanagh and Omagh in Northern Ireland have been found to be the happiest

  • 17/21

    Ketamine could be used as anti-depressant

    Researchers at the University of Auckland said monitoring the effects of the drug on the brain has revealed neural pathways that could aid the development of fast-acting medications.
    Ketamine is a synthetic compound used as an off anaesthetic and analgesic drug, but is commonly used illegally as a hallucinogenic party drug.
    Dr Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, a senior researcher at the university and a member of the institution’s Centre for Brain Research, used the latest technology in brain imaging to investigate what mechanisms ketamine uses to be active in the human brain

  • 18/21

    A prosthetic hand that lets people actually feel through

    The technology lets paralysed people feel actual sensations when touching objects — including light taps on the mechanical finger — and could be a huge breakthrough for prosthetics, according to its makers. The tool was used to let a 28-year-old man who has been paralysed for more than a decade. While prosthetics have previously been able to be controlled directly from the brain, it is the first time that signals have been successfully sent the other way

  • 19/21

    The biggest cause of early death in the world is what you eat

    Unhealthy eating has been named as the most common cause of premature death around the globe, new data has revealed. A poor diet – which involves eating too few vegetables, fruits, nuts and grains and too much red meat, salt and sugar – was shown to be a bigger killer than smoking and alcohol

  • 20/21

    Scientists develop blood test that estimates how quickly people age

    Scientists believe it could be used to predict a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease as well as the “youthfulness” of donated organs for transplant operations. The test measures the vitality of certain genes which the researchers believe is an accurate indication of a person’s “biological age”, which may be younger or older than their actual chronological age

  • 21/21

    Aspirin could help boost therapies that fight cancer

    The latest therapies that fight cancer could work better when combined with aspirin, research has suggested. Scientists from the Francis Crick Institute in London say the anti-inflammatory pain killer suppresses a cancer molecule that allows tumours to evade the body’s immune defences.
    Laboratory tests have shown that skin, breast and bowel cancer cells often generate large amounts of this molecule, called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2).
    But Aspirin is one of a family of drugs that sends messages to the brain to block production of PGE2 and this means cancer cells can be attacked by the body’s natural defences

The MHRA said it was recalling the tablets as a precaution and had not received any reports of people suffering poisoning.

It said anyone who has bought the tablets since September 2013 should check the batch numbers on the label.

The affected batches contain 30 tablets and are: Asda St John’s Wort (batch number 14279), Superdrug St John’s Wort (batch 14523), HRI Good Mood (batches 14255, 14662, 14498, 14660).

Produced in 2013, the affected batches are due to expire between May and August 2016.

PAs are not found in St John’s Wort itself. The contamination is likely to be from accidental collection of local weeds during harvesting, the MHRA said.

Studies in animals have shown that some cancers are more common in animals exposed to PAs.

Gerald Heddell, director of inspection, enforcement and standards division at MHRA, said: “We recommend anyone taking St John’s Wort tablets, or who may have them in their medicine cabinet, to check the batch number against those being recalled.

“PAs are known to cause liver problems in humans. Symptoms of liver disorders include yellowing of the whites of the eyes and/or skin, nausea, vomiting, dark urine, abdominal pain and unusual tiredness. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms you should tell your doctor straight away.”

People should return any packs to The Herbal Research Company Ltd c/o QP-Services UK Ltd, 46 High Street, Yatton, BS49 4HJ, UK. Call 01934 838820 or e-mail recall@QP-Services.com to receive a pre-paid stamped addressed envelope.

PA

  • More about:
  • Medicine
  • Drugs
  • Health news
  • MHRA
  • Asda
  • St John’s Wort
  • Superdrug

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/st-johns-wort-tablets-recalled-by-mhra-over-liver-damage-concerns-a6861016.html

Tags: , , , , ,

Learning a lesson in tolerance

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 7, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

In 2009, Manotick resident Tommy Glatzmayer decided at age six he wanted to write a book about his sister.

Melanie, two years older, had a lot to deal in life. She has a rare medical condition called Cornelia de Lange Syndrome, which she was one of only 100 known cases in Canada and 2,000 in USA. Because of it, she had many developmental delays, hearing problems, vision problems, eating difficulties, speech delays and other challenges. The syndrome is named after Dr. Cornelia de Lange who first described it in 1933. CdLS is a congenital syndrome, meaning it is present at birth. The gene that causes it was discovered in 2004.

Tommy wanted to teach his friends about his sister’s condition while still entertaining them, so with the help of his mother, he wrote “Melanie and Tommy Have Two Pet Rats and One Syndrome.” One day, shortly after the book was completed, he came home crying because his peers in Grade 1 were making fun of his sister, so his mom Nathalie Wendling decided they should self-publish the book and get it out there.

The next year, Tommy was presenting his book by reading it aloud to schools by himself with his sister by his side and their two pet rats. Everybody loved its message of courage, strength, love, and acceptance. Presentation after presentation, school after school, Tommy and Melanie got a little more comfortable on stage.

Now at 13, Tommy is a seasoned public speaker, having done this along with 15-year-old Melanie more than 80 times at venues from coast to coast, including stops in the United States. The book is a best seller, with more than 7,000 copies sold by 2013.

On Friday, the brother and sister team spoke to the student body at Highview Public School, sharing their story and the tale behind the book and its message of tolerance. They also played a video showcasing the two rats which are their dearest pets, and demonstrated how smart the rodents are by racing them through an enclosed ramp, much to the delight of the crowd assembled in the school’s gym.

Tommy said his sister has so far underwent 14 different procedures and operations. By the age of six, Melanie could only speak 20 words. With hard work, she is now able to speak 1,000, but her brother and augment her vocabulary with sign language.

“My sister and I are a lot alike,” he said. For instance, they both love drawing and both love the Montreal Canadians.

By Grade 6, in 2014, Tommy and Melanie had performed and distributed books in all 10 provinces of Canada. In 2015, Tommy lead his first hand drum circle for students with disabilities and without.

Tommy’s project has generated funds through private sponsorship and donations. The funds have helped them present in more than 80 schools, hospitals, fundraisers, and conferences in Canada and USA, distribute over 10,000 books to schools, hospitals, conferences and families, create a website to find Cornelia de Lange Syndrome families and supply more than 35 hand drums for drum circles at their school and in their community.

The brother and sister team have so far had more than 100 interviews with magazines, newspapers, radio and TV, spoke at several fundraisers like Children’s Miracle Network, held book signings in Ottawa, Toronto, New Brunswick, New Jersey and California, were guest speakers for conferences in Toronto, Chicago and Ottawa ex. Kiwanis 100th Anniversary and DILA conference at Ottawa University, appeared on TV shows: Accessibility in Action in Toronto and Focus in Montreal, and were presented with numerous awards. They were also invited to meet with then Prime Minister Stephen Harper.

For Tommy, the important part of all this recognition and fame is the fact everyone stopped teasing Melanie, which was his reason for doing the book in the first place. He said it is important to accept anyone who seems different.

“If you see someone different, smile and say “Hi,” he said.

stephen.uhler@sunmedia.ca

 

Article source: http://www.thedailyobserver.ca/2016/02/06/learning-a-lesson-in-tolerance

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Team GB triathlete Ellie Penrose died after her meningitis was misdiagnosed as stomach pains, inquest hears

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 6, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

A teenage Team GB triathlete died from meningitis hours after a junior doctor wrongly diagnosed her with a stomach bug, an inquest has heard. 

Ellie Penrose, 18, died the day she found out she had got into her top choice university after being “inappropriately discharged” from Hull Royal Infirmary and sent home with painkillers. 

The day before Ellie’s death in August 2015, the teenager was at home in Cottingham, East Yorkshire when she told her mother she had a headache and could not stand the light being on. 

Concerned, her mother Pauline called the NHS Direct hotline for advice and the call handler told her to go to East Riding Community Hospital in nearby Beverley where staff referred her to the AE at Hull Royal. 

When Ellie was admitted she was told a consultant was not available and she was instead seen by newly qualified Dr Don Hettiarachchi on his first week in AE shortly after 3am on 13 August. 

Dr Hettiarachchi told the inquest he was “not 100 per cent sure” why Ellie was ill and had asked fellow trainee Dr Ayman Ghoneim for advice, the Hull Daily Mail reports.

ellie-penrose.JPG

He had considered meningitis but said she had no rash so he considered it to be “more viral”. 

He said: “I did not treat it as meningitis because I felt it didn’t fit with the general picture”.

When asked if what he would have done differently he said would have gone to ask a registrar for advice. 

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He accepted that he did not tell Dr Ghoneim about her high blood pressure, low pulse rate and skin blotching but denied it was because he had already reached a diagnosis. 

She was eventually diagnosed with dehydration and gastroenteritis and sent home. 

Over the course of the morning her condition deteriorated and paramedics were called to take her back to AE.

ellie-penrose-3.JPG

She was seen at 11:30am but not given antibiotics till 1pm by which point her body was already going into “shutdown”. 

She died later that day from “overwhelming sepsis” caused by meningococcal septicaemia.

Coroner Professor Paul Marks adjourned the inquest to a later date, saying he wanted an expert opinion on whether she would have survived if she had been given antibiotics sooner.

  • More about:
  • NHS
  • junior doctor
  • inquest
  • Ellie Penrose

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/team-gb-triathlete-ellie-penrose-died-after-junior-doctor-misdiagnosed-her-meningitis-and-sent-her-a6856381.html

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FGM case reported in England every 109 minutes, as WHO says worldwide cases rise above 200million

Posted by Big Rat on Campus on Feb 5, 2016 in Rat News
Closed

A case of female genital mutilation (FGM) is reported in England every 109 minutes new figures show – however experts warn this could be the “tip of the iceburg”.

The latest six months figures published by the Health and Social Care Information Centre show that 2,421 cases of FGM were reported between April and September 2015.

The statistics include newly recorded cases of women who were cut many years ago, but have only now approached the authorities. 

FGM is carried out for cultural, religious and social reasons within families and communities where it is believed to be a necessary preparation for adulthood and marriage. However, the procedures do not have a medical basis. 

Along with mental illnesses, FGM can cause chronic physical issues including vaginal and pelvic infections, abnormal periods, persistent urine infections, possible kidney failure and infertility, according the NHS.

Tanya Barron, the chief executive of the anti-FGM charity Plan UK which collected the figures, said: “FGM has been a hidden danger threatening girls in the UK and around the world – only now is the full scale becoming clear.

“Recognising that FGM is a fundamental abuse of girls’ rights is the first step to ending the practice.”

However, she predicted that the true number of cases could be higher because many remain “unseen, unheard”. 

Some 1,385 cases were reported between July and September 2015, with 758 of these in London, 227 in the Midlands and east of England, 245 in the North, and 155 in the South.

Children’s charity Barnado’s stressed that while cases were concentrated in urban areas such as London, no area is immune to the pratice. 

The charity, which along with the Local Government Association runs the National FGM Centre, said it has received 41 referrals relating to 56 girls at risk of FGM in the past three months in “low diversity” towns and cities.

The figures were released as Unicef said that more than 200million females have experienced FGM worldwide – 70 million more than previously thought. 

“If current trends continue the number of girls and women subjected to FGM will increase significantly over the next 15 years,” the organisation warned.

Brendan Wynne, a spokesman for Equality Now, said the latest figures are “just the tip of the iceburg” after the human rights organisation estimated in 2014 that 137,000 women and girls in England and Wales have been cut. 

He said a law obligating healthcare professionals to report cases of FGM was an important step in tackling the practice, but said children must be education better in schools.

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    Dr Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, a senior researcher at the university and a member of the institution’s Centre for Brain Research, used the latest technology in brain imaging to investigate what mechanisms ketamine uses to be active in the human brain

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Nimco Ali was cut as a seven year-old while on holiday in Djibouti on the Horn of Africa. She has since established the charity Daughters of Eve to protect women from FGM. 

Describing FGM as a “brutal practice”, she told the Press Association it was “very simple to end”.

“If you stop one woman having FGM done to her then you break that link and prevent is being done to the next generation.

“I came from a family that was 100 per cent FGM and that has gone down to zero in a generation. It is something that can be ended.

“We are finally shaking the taboo of FGM, but we have to be vigilant and cannot be complacent.”

  • More about:
  • FGM
  • female genital mutilation
  • Health

Article source: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/fgm-cases-in-england-reported-every-109-minutes-a6854911.html

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